The United States has been the only country in the history of mankind to have used not once but twice nuclear weapons in war, both times against Japan near the end of World War II. It was on tge inauspicios day of August 6, 1945, the blackest day in the history of man that the U.S. Army Air Forces detonated a uranium gun-type fission bomb nicknamed “Little Boy” over the Japanese city of Hiroshima; three days later, on August 9,detonated a plutonium implosion-type fission bomb codenamed “Fat Man” over the Japanese city of Nagasaki. The bombings resulted in the deaths of approximately 200,000 civilians and military personnel from acute injuries sustained from the explosions.
The American surrogates NATO has repeatedly rejected calls for adopting NFU (No First Use )policy,arguing that pre-emptive nuclear strike is a key option, in order to have a credible deterrent that could compensate for the overwhelmingconventional weapon superiority enjoyed by the Soviet Army in the Eurasian land mass.In 1993, Russia dropped a pledge against first use of nuclear weapons made in 1982 . For the first time in history ,mankind is at the threat of wiping itself off the planet because of the cowboy,trigger happy policies and machinations of a few Generals and blue blood politicians.
America and their surrogates ,the NATO have a long way to go in reassuring countries the nuclear policy and goals they do vehemently follow. An NFU would have been the first positive step in that direction . Sadly its one thats not on the minds of the blue blooded Politicians in Congress . An NFU is a pledge or a policy by a nuclear power not to use nuclear weapons as a means of warfare unless first attacked by an adversary using nuclear weapons.
China declared its NFU policy in 1964, and has since maintained this policy. India articulated its policy of no first use of nuclear weapons in 2003.
Pakistan has a no first attack policy in place since 1971. This policy was reiterated after the nuclear tests in 1998. Pakistan has vowed never to invade or attack another country under any circumstances. Pakistan’s foreign minister had warned that if Pakistan is ever invaded or attacked, it will use “any weapon in its arsenal” to defend itself.
Although Israel does not officially confirm or deny having nuclear weapons, the country is widely believed to be in possession of them. Its continued ambiguous stance puts it in a difficult position since to issue a statement pledging ‘no first use’ would confirm their possession of nuclear weapons.
If Israel’s very existence is threatened, some speculate that Israel would use a “Samson Option,” a “last resort” deterrence strategy ofmassive retaliation with nuclear weapons, should the State of Israel be substantially damaged and/or near destruction.
At the other end of the spectrum and on the same page with Americans ,the UK an ally of America and a NATO member. The policy mirrors that of their American counterparts which again is not reassuring at all to the majority civilian population of the world. In 2002, the then British defence secretary stated that the UK was prepared to use nuclear weapons against “rogue states” such as Iraq if they ever used “weapons of mass destruction” against British troops in the field. This policy was restated in 2003.